We all have firmly lodged in our hearts, our memories, a teacher who changed the course of our lives. Over the next few days, relations between France and the Muslim world grew increasingly fraught. Lors de la cérémonie consacrée à Samuel Paty, dans la cour de la Sorbonne, mercredi 21 octobre, le président de la République, Emmanuel Macron, a prononcé un discours … But to diminish his conflict with extremism into a narrow calculation of personal political advantage is to misunderstand his intellectual journey on secularism in office, and the way in which the issue is central to his foreign policy outlook including his attitude to Turkey, Russia, Nato and the Middle East. Weeks after his death in Nice, three people were killed in an Islamist terrorist attack inside a catholic church. He loved relaying to his students and loved ones a passion for knowledge and the taste of freedom through books. So why was Samuel killed? Samuel Paty was killed because Islamists want our future and because they know that with quiet heroes like him, they will never have it. We will help our students discover literature, music, all the works of the mind and soul. The teacher who not only taught us a piece of knowledge but opened up a path for us through a book, through their attentiveness. Why? It contained a number of proposals to regulate imams and mosques. Consider the aftermath of the Oct. 15 beheading of Samuel Paty near Paris. They cultivate hatred of the other. We will learn humour, distance. We will continue, sir. His net disapproval rating as president is -24%. Perhaps if Macron had nurtured ties with France’s eastern European Nato allies and EU members, he would have gained more early support for his stance against Turkey and more trust for his Russia diplomacy.”. So what better place than the Sorbonne, our place of universal learning for over eight centuries, the place of humanism, for the nation to pay him this tribute. It barely did so in Libya and didn’t do so at all with regard to its Russia reset. French President Emmanuel Macron, in a more than two-hour-long, wide-ranging interview on Friday with the online media outlet Brut, rejected accusations his … Samuel Paty only knew citizens, whereas they thrive on ignorance. But more importantly, Turkey is already in a number of disputes with France. “We don’t believe in political Islam that is not compatible with stability and peace in the world.”. Many Europeans worry about Macron’s somewhat Gaullist, or France-first, approach. Discours du Président Emmanuel Macron le 21 octobre 2020 à la Sorbonne en hommage à Samuel Paty Mesdames, Messieurs, Ce soir je n'aurai pas de mots pour évoquer la lutte contre l'islamisme politique, radical, qui mène jusqu'au terrorisme. Inside and outside school, the pressures, the abuse of ignorance and obedience which some would like to establish have no place in our country. Samuel Paty, a 47-year-old teacher, was attacked on Friday on his way home from the junior high school where he taught in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, 40 kilometres (25 miles) northwest of Paris. (3) laïcité goes beyond the concept of secularism, embracing the strict neutrality of the State. In Libya, his initial objection to Islamist influence in Tripoli’s Government of National Accord has morphed into a conflict with Turkey after Ankara sprang to the GNA’s aid. His calculation will be that so long as he makes the final round, the left as before has nowhere else to go. It would be easy to think that Macron, facing record Covid infections, might look at his in-tray and back off. They divide the faithful and the unbelievers. Macron after all had tackled the debate about Islamist extremism before Paty’s death in his speech on 2 October on secularism – an hour-long address in which he attempted to be nuanced on how to integrate Islam and French secularism. Like you, we will cultivate tolerance. After studying history in Lyon and thinking of becoming a researcher, he took the path you, his parents – a primary school teacher and a headteacher in Moulins – mapped out, becoming an “educational researcher” as he liked to define himself, becoming a teacher. No, on the contrary, that’s precisely why Samuel Paty was killed. And they will educate young citizens. After all, he wasn’t the Islamists’ main target, he was simply teaching. Perhaps some of them will also become teachers. These disputes – over Syria, Libya, Nato, gas exploration in the eastern Mediterranean and Armenia – each have their own context and specifics, but they all stem from a French suspicion of Erdoğan’s ambitions to lead a revived Sunni Islam. And we want to teach it to all our children. He who shows the greatness of thought teaches respect and shows what civilization is. We will remember that our freedoms will endure only if we end hatred and violence, only if we respect others. En trois ans, Emmanuel Macron est passé de la négation relative de l’existence d’une culture française à la défense de notre civilisation, prononçant à l’occasion de l’hommage national à Samuel Paty l’un de ses plus beaux et émouvants discours, que nous reproduisons intégralement ci-dessous. (2) schools catering for pupils aged between 15 and 18 years (approx.) “I’d like my life and death to be of some use,” he once said. The murderer, a Chechen refugee, ... Macron responded to Paty’s murder by focusing on the murderer’s motivation and promising not to sacrifice free expression out of fear. I won’t talk about those who have made us associate his name with barbarians; they don’t deserve it. This evening I won’t talk about the string of terrorists, their accomplices and all the cowards who committed this attack and made it possible. Begin each day anew. French products are the subject of a boycott. Macron after all had tackled the debate about Islamist extremism before Paty’s death in his speech on 2 October on secularism – an hour-long address in … France urges end to boycott of French goods as Macron defends Muhammad cartoons. Brigitte Macron said in the letter that she and her husband were in awe of the dignity shown by Samuel Paty ’s family after his murder. I’ve given the evil a name. Le Train Bleu restaurant in Doha, “a quintessential Parisian dining experience” in Qatar, is for instance hurriedly re-sourcing its products. Macron has vowed to crack down on radical Islamism in France after the country was shaken by the beheading of Samuel Paty on October 16. Text settings. A photograph of Paty’s severed head, taken on a mobile phone by his killer Abdullakh Anzorov, was posted on the website of the Pakistani Islamist group Tehreek-e-Labbaik. In Syria, Macron objects to the Turkish attacks on the Kurdish YPG militia, France’s allies in the war against Isis. Domestically, he faces the first round of the French presidential elections in April 2022, and his challenge will come from the security-minded right, either the centre-right Les Républicains or the far-right Marine Le Pen, with whom he is neck and neck in the polls. Here in France, we love our nation, its geography, landscapes and history, its culture and metamorphoses, its spirit and heart. This evening I want to talk about your son, I want to talk about your brother, your uncle, the man you loved, your father. A few ... Samuel Paty, was decapitated in a Paris suburb on his way home from school. We will continue, sir. Emmanuel Macron, président de la République française. Samuel Paty basically embodied the teacher Jaurès dreamed of in the letter to teachers, which has just been read out: “firmness combined with tenderness”. We’ll train them, we’ll esteem them as we should, we’ll support them, we’ll protect them as much as necessary. So Ferdinand Buisson’s words echo back: “To make a republican,” he wrote, “it is necessary to give every human being, no matter how young or meek, the idea that he must think on his own, that he must be faithful or obedient to no one, that it is up to him to seek truth and not receive it ready-made from a teacher, guide or leader of any sort.” “Making republicans” was what Samuel Paty fought for. This evening I won’t speak about the fight against political, radical Islamism, which leads to terrorism. Ten days later, Paty was killed, allegedly by a Russian-born teenager of Chechen heritage, sending an electric shock into France’s long debate about secularism, or laïcité. Il explique avoir l'intention de filmer le professeur qui devait s'excuser pour la présentation de ces caricatures, "de l'humilier et le frapper". A complex speech such as this does not take long to be distorted and become a source of grievance abroad, especially in Turkey, since as many as half of the imams in France are Turkish. Macron has long sought a reset with Moscow by joining forces against terrorism. Emmanuel Macron gives a speech on secularism on 2 October, before the death of Samuel Paty, in which he said Islam was ‘experiencing a crisis across the world’. Samuel Paty was the victim of a fatal conspiracy of folly, lies, conflation, hatred of the other, hatred of what we are deep down, existentially. Discours d’Emmanuel Macron en hommage au « combat pour la liberté » de Samuel Paty "Nous continuerons, professeur. No. More than anything else, Samuel Paty loved books, knowledge. On Friday, Samuel Paty became the face of the Republic, of our determination to disrupt terrorists, to curtail Islamists, to live as a community of free citizens in our country; he became the face of our determination to understand, to learn, to continue to teach, to be free, because we will continue to do so, sir. In an address of around 15 minutes, Macron described Paty as "a quiet hero" and stated that "we will not give up cartoons". By raising the stakes, and keeping them high, Macron is also trying to make others recognise they cannot stay neutral. Macron and his government were accused of Islamophobia. Samuel Paty, the French teacher beheaded after giving students freedom-of-speech lessons, was honored with the nation's highest honor by President Emmanuel Macron. He more and more openly sides with Armenia. Bruno Tertrais at the French Foundation for Strategic Research argues: “France itself does not always consult its allies or seek their support before taking diplomatic initiatives. Either way this is not a fight Macron is likely to abandon. The French calculation is that Erdoğan will succumb to pressure. We will continue this fight for freedom and reason that you now personify because we owe it to you, because we owe it to ourselves, because in France, sir, the Enlightenment will never grow dim. We’ve decided what action to take, we’ve made it tougher and will complete it. On Friday, Samuel Paty became the face of the Republic, of our determination to disrupt terrorists, to curtail Islamists, to live as a community of free citizens in our country; he became the face of our determination to understand, to learn, to continue to teach, to be free, because we will continue to … On 6 October, when Samuel Paty, a popular history and geography teacher at a school in a quiet Paris suburb, presented a copy of the cartoons of the prophet Muhammad that provoked the attack on Charlie Hebdo magazine five years ago, he self-evidently had no idea of the tragic consequence for his own life, French society or France’s relations with the Islamic world. We will not disavow the cartoons, the drawings, even if others recoil. This evening I won’t say any more about the vital unity all French people feel, which is invaluable and requires all leaders to express themselves appropriately and act rigorously. This evening I want to talk about your colleague, your teacher who died because he chose to teach, murdered because he decided to teach his students how to become citizens; to teach duties so they could be fulfilled; to teach freedoms so they could be exercised. We will love science and its controversies. France’s schoolteachers primary and secondary school teachers will teach history – both its glories and its vicissitudes. Peu avant 17h, des adolescents désignent Samuel Paty, qui sort du collège et Anzorov, se lance à … With all our strength, we will enjoy debate, reasonable arguments, friendly persuasion. A protest in Istanbul on Sunday, the day after the Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, described Macron as mentally ill. Links in a never-ending chain, they will increase understanding of our nation, our values and our Europe. Like you, we will relentlessly seek to understand, and to gain an even better understanding of the things they’d like to take away from us. The French president, Emmanuel Macron, responded by saying France would not “renounce the caricatures”. Text Size: A-A+. ), MAEDI 21 - Global diplomacy for the 21st century, Future Leaders Invitation Programme (PIPA), Security, Disarmament and Non-proliferation, Coronavirus - Advice for Foreign Nationals in France, France and the institutions protecting and promoting human rights, Enforced disappearance, torture and arbitrary detention, Forced marriage: you are protected by law, Nice Terrorist Attack - Jean-Yves Le Drian’s remarks at the National Assembly (29 Oct. 20), Demonstrations and Calls for the Boycotting of French Products (25 Oct. 2020), Fight against racism, anti-Semitism and xenophobia. On Friday evening, at first I believed it to be a random act of madness, a senseless arbitrary act: another victim of gratuitous terrorism. In early October, a matter of days before Paty's murder, French President Emmanuel Macron said: "There is in this radical Islamism, a methodical organization to contravene the laws of … Comments Share. He always wanted to give them a human face, discover the richness of otherness. The government was reported to be preparing to dissolve a further fifty organizations connected with radical Islam. On Monday, he explicitly joined the call for a boycott of French goods, and claimed: “It becomes more and more difficult to be a Muslim and live an Islamic lifestyle in western countries.” This has a long way to run. Because he embodied the Republic which comes alive every day in classrooms, the freedom that is conveyed and perpetuated in schools. Samuel Paty was one of them, one of those teachers you don’t forget, one of those passionate people able to spend nights learning the history of religions so he could better understand his students and their beliefs. EMMANUEL Macron has vowed that "Islamists will never take our future" after he stood beside the coffin of a teacher slain by a jihadi. I’ve said what I had to say. In the passage has proved most provocative in Turkey, he said: “Islam is a religion that is experiencing a crisis across the world,” in reference to Islamic State jihadism and also Wahhabism, the Saudi extremist ideology, and Salafism. We will defend the freedom that you taught so well, and we will strongly proclaim the concept of laïcité [secularism] (3). And throughout their lives, the hundreds of young people you educated will practise the critical thinking they learned from you. Samuel PATY fut la victime de la conspiration funeste de la bêtise, du mensonge, de l’amalgame, de la haine de l’autre, de la haine de ce que profondément, existentiellement, nous sommes. This evening I want to talk to you about Samuel Paty. Since then Macron has been described as mentally ill by the Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan; his ambassador to Pakistan has been summoned to condemn incitement of Islamophobia; and from Sana’a to Riyadh he has become a one-man axis of evil. He was in turn shot dead by police. But he appears to have done the opposite, ringing the Russian president, Vladimir Putin, with the Chechen origins of Paty’s alleged assailant in mind, to urge him to redouble Russia’s efforts to cooperate on terrorism. President has become a hate figure in Islamic world over response to death of Samuel Paty, Last modified on Mon 26 Oct 2020 20.50 GMT. But Erdoğan will draw his own strength from the condemnations of Macron across the Arab world. The Turkish lira is at a new low, and there are only so many fronts on which an autocratic leader can fight. He wasn’t an enemy of the religion they exploit: he had read the Koran, he respected his students whatever their beliefs and was interested in Muslim civilization. He warns that the Nato alliance may become brain dead since Turkey, a fellow member, is ambivalent about the defence of western values. One of those humble people who questioned themselves a thousand times, as he did with the freedom of expression and freedom of conscience course he had been preparing in Moulins since July, at your side, and the doubts he shared because of his high standards and thoughtfulness. You know, that primary school teacher who taught us to read, add up and have confidence in ourselves. Long live the Republic, long live France. They no longer even have names. Samuel Paty was passionate about teaching and did it so well in several collèges (1) and lycées (2), right up to the collège in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine.

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